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Bearded Dragon Diet, Food, & Nutrition

A bearded dragon's diet is vital to keeping him or her healthy and active. Feeding bearded dragons can seem complicated, however by following the easy guidelines below you will be able to keep your bearded dragon healthy and happy.


Table of Contents


Introduction to Feeding Your Dragon

Bearded dragons are omnivores and can eat a variety of things. Normally your bearded dragon's diet will consist of vegetables, insects, and non-citrus fruit. When you give your beardie insects you will need to make sure that the insect isn't too big for your dragon to eat. If it is longer than the space between it's eyes, then it is too large.


Baby Bearded Dragon Diet

When a bearded dragon is young it will need to eat more insects than vegetables because it's still growing. You should always leave fresh vegetables in the cage, but three times per day you should feed your beardie insects. You should give them as many insects as they can eat within a 10-15 minute time period. After the feeding time is done, you should take the remaining insects out of their tank. A typical juvenile bearded dragon can eat anywhere from 20 to 60 crickets (or other insects) each day.


Adult Bearded Dragon Diet

Adult dragons do not need to eat as many insects as younger dragons, and overfeeding your dragon can cause him/her to become overweight. Adults only need to eat insects once per day, so when you feed them, give them as many insects as they can eat within a 10-15 minute time frame and then remove the remaining insects from their tank.


Feeding Your Bearded Dragon Insects & Bugs

This section will go over what you need to know to feed your bearded dragons insects. Learn what kind of insects to feed your beardie, how to keep your insects healthy, and how to make sure your insects are nutritious.

Safe Insects for Bearded Dragons

There are a variety of insects that you can feed your bearded dragon. You never want to feed your dragon insects that you have caught yourself because insects in and around our homes can contain pesticides and parasites that can harm your dragon.

Black Soldier Fly Larvae

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Butterworms

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Cockroaches

Young BeardiesAdult Beardies
Yes
Yes
Crickets

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Crickets
Young BeardiesAdult Beardies
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Dubia Roaches

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Earthworms

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Locusts

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Yes
Redworms

Young BeardiesAdult Beardies
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Superworms

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Superworms
Young BeardiesAdult Beardies
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As treats


Keeping Feeder Insects

Keeping Your Insects from Escaping
Nothing is creepier or more frustrating than realizing the expensive insects you purchased for your beardie have escaped and are roaming around your home. So it is best to take the necessary precautions to make sure this never happens to you.

First off, you need to get a proper storage container for your insects. Many bugs can easily chew and gnaw through most netting and thin plastics so you will need something stronger to contain them. You can purchase "Critter Keepers" for close to nothing at most pet stores or you can use aquariums or plastic storage bins for insect storage.

Crickets, Roaches, & Locusts
If you're keeping a large number of insects it's probably best to use a large colored plastic storage bin to store them and a small "Critter Keeper" to transfer them when it's time for feeding. You probably want to avoid using containers which are see-through, because many people have insect phobias and you don't want to risk house guests having a panic attack seeing thousands of crickets, roaches, or worms.

Worms & Larvae
Some worms and larvae can escape the plastic containers they arrive in. It is recommended to use a container with thicker plastic so they cannot chew through the air holes as easily.


Where to Store Feeder Insects
Not all feeder insects require the same care instructions, so it's recommended to follow the guidelines from the store/breeder you purchased the insects from. With that being said, there are a few things that apply to all insects.

Temperature - You will want to store your feeder insects in a location with a steady temperature that is within the range specified for them. Keeping your insects at the right temperature will encourage healthy eating and growth, which are both good for your bearded dragon.

Smell / Noise - Insects (such as crickets) can be noisy and smelly. With this in mind you should store them somewhere you cannot hear or smell them. You can also use various air purifiers which remove (not mask) any smells the insects may create.


Feeding & Watering Your Insects
It is recommended to make sure the insects you feed to your bearded dragon are healthy and nutritious. The best way to do this is to feed them with a nutritious meal before you feed them (this is also known as "gut loading"). Most pet stores carry jars of cricket/insect food that both hydrates and feeds the insects. Some owners will also feed their insects with wet lizard pellets.

It is important to never use a water dish to water your insects because they will drown in the bowl. If you're not using cricket food (which hydrates and feeds insects at the same time) you will need to hydrate the feeder insects with raw vegetables, carrots, orange slices, etc.



Bearded Dragon Diet and Nutrition

It may seem boring, but plants are a staple of every bearded dragon's and most other reptile's diet. Keep in mind that many vegetables are full of vitamins and if you are already giving your beardie vitamins you don't want to accidentally poison them with a vitamin overdose. Below is a list of the vegetables that you can feed your dragon:

Vitamin-A Information
Many vegetables contain high levels of Vitamin A and while bearded dragons can get vitamin A poisoning, it is generally not caused by overdosing on vegetables. Vegetables contain beta carotene which a bearded dragon's body converts to vitamin A when he/she needs it. If he/she does not need vitamin A then they will simply excrete the beta carotene. So the general rule of thumb is that it is unlikely for a bearded dragon to get vitamin A poisoning from vegetables, simply because the bearded dragon's body can excrete unneeded vitamin A from vegetables.

However, synthetic vitamin A (found in some reptilian multivitamins) cannot be excreted by bearded dragons. This means synthetic vitamin A will cause vitamin A poisoning if the bearded dragon has already had his/her requirements of vitamin A. Moderate to severe vitamin A poisoning occurs when 10,000 IU/kg of synthetic vitamin A is given to a bearded dragon.

Safe Multi-Vitamins Do Exist
The best multivitamin that we have found is Herptivite Multivitamin for Reptiles, because unlike other multivitamins it will not cause vitamin A poisoning. This is because it uses natural vitamin A which cannot poison reptiles, making it extremely healthy and safe for bearded dragons.


Safe Vegetables for Bearded Dragons and Other Reptiles

Bearded dragons need a diet of both vegetables (greens) and insects. Adult beardies will eat more vegetables than bugs, so its important to make sure the veggies they're eating are healthy and nutritious. You can see the full list of safe vegetables for bearded dragons by clicking here (including their nutritional values), or you can view a partial list below:

Acorn squashArtichoke HeartBell Peppers (Raw)Bok choy
Butternut squashCabbage (Raw)CarrotsCelery
Cucumber (Peeled)EndiveMustard greensYellow squash
View the Full List of Safe Vegetables


Safe Plants for Bearded Dragons

You can also feed your bearded dragon a few plants as well. Since they are from the wild the chances are that they didn't always have the option of vegetables so certain plants became a part of their diet. Click here to see the full list of safe plants to feed your bearded dragon, or use the partial list below.

BasilCarnationsChivesClover
Dandelion GreensDayliliesImpatiensMaple Leaves
Mint LeavesOreganoRose PetalsRosemary (Fresh)
SageThyme (Fresh)
View the Full List of Safe Plants


Safe Fruit for Bearded Dragons and Other Reptiles

Bearded dragons will also eat fruit. However, not all fruit is easily digested by them (such as citrus fruit), but the following brief list (Click Here for the Full List of Safe Fruit) is safe to feed them.

ApplesBlackberriesBlueberriesCherries
CranberriesFigsGrapesMelons
PeachesPearsPineapplePlum
PrunesRaisinsStrawberriesWatermelon
View the Full List of Fruit & Serving Sizes


Foods to Avoid

To keep your bearded dragon healthy you will need to make sure they stay on their diet. There are also some foods which are unhealthy for them or lethal for them to eat. Make sure they do not eat any of the below items:

Lettuce
Since lettuce is mostly water it is not nutritious for bearded dragons. Because of this it is best to avoid feeding your bearded dragon lettuce or any greens with the word "lettuce" in the name.

Spinach
Spinach is also another food to avoid. While spinach is healthy, calcium binds easily to it which can make it hard for your bearded dragon to digest.

Insects Captured in the Wild
Never feed your bearded dragon any insects you catch yourself. The insects you catch probably have parasites on them and contain trace amounts of pesticides, both of which can make your bearded dragon sick.

Fireflies or Insects that Glow
If a bug or insect glows in the dark, then do not feed it to your bearded dragon. Even one of these bugs can be lethal to an adult bearded dragon.

Avocados
Do not feed your bearded dragons avocados. They are toxic, but their toxicity levels are unknown; however, they are deadly for birds.


Poisonous Foods & Plants for Bearded Dragons

Below is a limited list of plants and food items that could be poisonous for bearded dragons (click here for the full list). This list is from veterinarians which recommend avoid feeding any pets these plants due to their toxicity.

Plant Name
Boxwood
Buttercup
Wild Daffodil
Elderberry
Holly
Plant Name
Hydrangea
Iris
Ivy
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Juniper
Plant Name
Mistletoe
Oak
Poison Ivy
Poison Oak
Poison Sumac
Plant Name
Poinsettia
Rhododendron
Tobacco
Tulip
Water Hemlock
View All Poisonous Plants


Vitamins & Minerals Your Bearded Dragon Needs

Similar to people, bearded dragons need vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. Below is a list of the supplements that bearded dragons need:


Iron
Iron is more important for baby bearded dragons. If you do have a baby bearded dragon and you are giving him/her Iron supplements, be sure to give it to them sporadically because too much Iron can cause bearded dragon health problems See what health issues are most common in bearded dragons.. Generally, you can give your bearded dragon enough Iron through vegetables and plants.

Vitamin A

Bearded dragons also need vitamin A, but they will usually get enough of this from the plants and vegetables in their diet. You want to be careful not to give your dragon too much vitamin a because that can cause vitamin A toxicity Learn about vitamin A overdose in bearded dragons..

As mentioned previously, we highly recommend Herptivite Multivitamin for Reptiles, because it will supply your bearded dragon with vitamin A without the risk of overdosing or making your beardie ill.


Vitamin D3 & Calcium
Vitamin D3 and Calcium are two of the most important vitamins and minerals you need to make sure your bearded dragon gets. It helps with the development of their bones and is important for female dragons that are gravid (carrying eggs). You will have to give your bearded dragon Vitamin D3 and Calcium at the same time, since bearded dragons cannot absorb calcium without vitamin D3.

In the wild, bearded dragons will get most of the vitamin D3 they need from natural sunlight, so the amount of vitamin D3 you give your bearded dragon depends on how much exposure he/she has to natural sunlight (or full spectrum lighting). If your dragon is frequently outside in the sunlight or if your bearded dragon's cage has full spectrum lighting, then you can reduce the dosage by half.

  • Baby Dragons - Need a daily dose of Vitamin D3 and Calcium to stay healthy (since they are still developing and need the bone support).
  • Juvenile Dragons - Need a Vitamin D3 and Calcium supplement with a meal 3-4 times per week.
  • Adult Dragons - Need a Vitamin D3 and Calcium supplement with a meal once per week.

When choosing a Vitamin D3 and Calcium supplement, make sure the one you purchase has a calcium to phosphorus ratio of 2:1 or 3:1 - the higher the better because you don't want your dragon to have too much phosphorus.

Currently, the highest rated Vitamin D3 and Calcium supplement available is Rep-Cal Reptile Calcium Powder with D3, which is a favorite among reptile breeders and enthusiasts.



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Sources
http://www.lovebeardies.com/information/bearded_dragon_food_and_nutrition.html
http://blackninjakitty.com/herps/care/troystuttlegreeniglist.htm
http://www.bio.miami.edu/ktosney/file/BDveg.html
http://www.beautifuldragons.com/Nutrition.html
http://www.usda.gov
http://nutritiondata.self.com/


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